Breast Cancer- The most common cancer in females. Beware!

Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females worldwide. Independent studies in the city show that 45 women in every lakh is prone to breast cancer. Apart from the eating habits, the changed reproductive cycle of women have also led to the rise. Breast cancer rates are much higher in developed nations compared to developing ones. There are several reasons for this, with possibly life-expectancy being one of the key factors – breast cancer is more common in elderly women; women in the richest countries live much longer than those in the poorest nations. The different lifestyles and eating habits of females in rich and poor countries are also contributory factors, experts believe. Breast cancer is cancer that begins with the formation of a malignant tumor in the breast.

A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into nearby tissues or spread to other areas of the body.

The following are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer, you should contact your doctor if you experience any of them:

  • Changes in the size or shape of the breast
  • A lump or thickening in or near the breast, or in the underarm area
  • Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no lump is felt)
  • Skin irritation on or around the breast
  • Breast or nipple pain
  • Nipple that is turning inward
  • Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple, areola (dark area of skin around the nipple), or breast skin
  • The first symptoms of breast cancer are usually an area of thickened tissue in the woman’s breast, or a lump. The majority of lumps are not cancerous; however, women should get them checked by a health care professional.

 

Causes of breast cancer

Experts are not definitively sure what causes breast cancer. It is hard to say why one person develops the disease while another does not. We know that some risk factors can impact on a woman’s likelihood of developing breast cancer. These are:

  • Getting older:- The older a women gets, the higher is her risk of developing breast cancer; age is a risk factor. Over 80% of all the female breast cancers occur among women aged around 50 and more.
  • Genetics:- women who have a close relative who has /had breast cancer are more likely to develop breast cancer. It may be one of the factor.
  • Having had certain types of breast lumps:- women who have had some types of breast lumps are more likely to develop cancer later on.
  • Dense breast tissue:- women with more dense tissue have a greater chance of developing breast cancer.
  • Obesity:- post-menopausal obese and overweight women may have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Experts say that there are higher levels of estrogen in obese menopausal women , which may be the cause of the higher risk.
  • Alcohol consumption:- The more alcohol the women regurlarly drinks, the higher her risk of developing breast cancer is.
  • Radiation exposure:- Undergoing X-rays and CT scans may raise a women’s risk of developing breast cancer slightly.
  • HRT(Hormone Replacement Therapy):- HRT therapies may increase a women’s risk of developing breast cancer. Combine HRT cause a high risk.

Diagnosing Breast Cancer

  • Breast exam: To check for any lumps or abnormalities, your doctor will palpate (feel) both of your breasts and lymph nodes in the armpit.
  • Mammogram: A screening mammogram takes an X-ray of your breast to look for any abnormalities or changes in your breasts. If anything looks suspicious, your doctor may recommend a diagnostic mammogram to take a closer look at the abnormality.
  • Ultrasound:  In an ultrasound, sound waves produce images of structures deep within the body which may help to distinguish between a aqsolid mass and a fluid-filled cyst.
  • Biopsy:  In a biopsy, a tissue sample is taken from your breast and sent to a lab for analysis. The lab will determine the type of cells involved in the breast cancer, the aggressiveness of the cancer, and whether the cancer cells have receptors that may influence your treatment options.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging:  An MRI uses a magnet and radio waves to create pictures of the interior of your breast. 

Your doctor may request other tests or procedures if needed.

 

(ImageCourtesy : Quotesgram)

Shalini Abhishek

Shalini Abhishek

She is an HR manager by profession. She loves cooking, shopping and travelling to different places. In her free time she reads news stuffs and does blogging for the same.
She is happily married and has a beautiful family.
Shalini Abhishek

Shalini Abhishek

She is an HR manager by profession. She loves cooking, shopping and travelling to different places. In her free time she reads news stuffs and does blogging for the same. She is happily married and has a beautiful family.

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